Macula degeneration is in most cases a slow developing condition which results in blurry central vision. As the condition progresses reading and everyday tasks such as recognizing faces can become difficult or impossible. It does not affect your peripheral vision. Unfortunately there is currently no treatments to prevent macula degeneration only to treat some of the associated complications.
The primary risk factor for macula degeneration is age (being over 75), though smoking and a family history are also considered a risk.
The retina is constantly creating waste products which over time can deposit in the retina. These deposits are called drusen. These deposits can damage the photo receptors preventing them from functioning. In some cases, the base of the retina becomes damaged allowing new blood vessels to grow into the retina and leak blood.
The following videos provide more information about macula degeneration.
This information has been provided as a general guide and should not be used to diagnose or manage your eye condition. Always seek the advice of a qualified health care practitioner. Regular eye examinations are recommended.